The late Paritosh Sen was born in Dhaka, Bangladesh in 1918 into a noted Ayurved's family. After finishing school, Sen ran away from home to join the Madras Art School headed by Devi Prasad Roy Choudhury. In 1943 he, along with his friends, formed the Calcutta group. In 1949, Sen left for Europe. In Paris, he studied at Andre Lhote's school, Academie Grand Chaumier, Ecole des Beaux Arts and Ecole des Louvre where he studied the history of painting. A meeting with Picasso left a deep impression on him.
Between 1981-82, Sen was Artist-in-Residence at Maryland Institute of Art, Baltimore, after which in 1985, Sen was invited by the NID, Ahmedabad to be an artist-in-residence.
Throughout the course of his career, Sen's style of painting underwent many changes. From the stylized to the voluminous, expressionist figures, he traversed a long way. However, there were continuities. For example, the drawing with bold, vigorous strokes, the use of volume within the figuration and sharp irony were impressive elements in his work. Since 1991, his work became more sensuous and he began to use more exuberant colors. Paritosh Sen lived and worked in Calcutta.